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[INFOGRAPHICS] What is the Electoral College? How does it work?

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What is Electoral College?
The Electoral College is a group of delegates also appointed by states to formally vote for the majority state votes for president and vice president. As stated in Article II, Section I, Clause II of the US Constitution, each state is entitled to an electoral vote based on its number of House of Representatives and Senators. Altogether, the United States has 435 members of House of Representatives and 100 Senators with the addition of 3 delegates from the nation’s capital, Washington D.C., giving a total of 538 electoral votes. However, a state’s number of electoral votes is not set in stone since a state can gain or lose a vote if there are changes in census data. A candidate must gain the majority of the electoral votes (270 votes) or more to be proclaimed as the elected/re-elected President.

How does the electoral college work?
Most states has winner-take-all system in which the candidate who gets the most votes in a state will obtain all of the electoral votes. The only exception in this system are the states of Maine and Nebraska which both use a method called Congressional District Method. In this method, one electoral vote was given to each congressional district whereas the another two were given to the winner of the most state votes.
Who is a faithless elector?
Faithless elector
A faithless elector is a member of the electoral college who decides to vote for a different candidate instead for their own registered party’s candidate. Some votes become invalid because of the votes by these electors

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